El SalvadorEl Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.San Salvador(English: Holy Savior) is the capital city of El Salvador and of San Salvador Department. It is the largest city and the country's political, cultural, educational and financial center.Río Grande de San Miguelis a river in southern El Salvador. It empties to the Pacific Ocean.The Sierra Madre de Chiapas,as known in Mexico, with regional names in other countries, is a major mountain range in Central America. The Sierra Madre de Chiapas is part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges (cordillera) that consists of an almost continuous sequence of mountain ranges that form the western "backbone" of North America, Central America, South America .Cerro El Pitalis a mountain in Central America, on the border of El Salvador and Honduras. It is located 12 km (7 mi) from the town of La Palma at a height of 2,730 m (8,957 ft) above sea level, and is the highest point in Salvadoran territory.